527 CMR 1.00: Massachusetts Comprehensive Fire Safety Code
10.11.6.1 General. Cooking appliances shall be kept clean during and cleaned after each use. Cooking appliances shall never be left unattended after the cooking appliance is kindled. Cooking appliances shall be stored only after the appliance is cleaned; the appliance is cool to the human touch and; the fuel is disconnected and removed from the appliance. Cooking appliances shall not be altered, used, kindled, placed, or stored in a manner that is not established by the manufacturer’s instructions of the appliance and its equipment.
10.11.6.2 Terms. As used in this section, the enclosed terms shall have the following meaning assigned to them.
(1) Appliance (cooking). Utilization equipment, generally other than industrial, that is normally built in standardized sizes or types and is used, installed or connected as a unit to perform one or more functions such as grills, ranges, cook top units, wall ovens, and chimineas or similar such appliances.
(2) Balcony. A structure attached to a building with no exterior stairs other than through the attached building.
(3) Deck (including porches, and patios). A structure attached to a building where constructed above grade has exterior stairs extending to grade.
(4) Equipment (cooking). The component of an appliance, such as the hose, burner, heating element, electronic controls, igniters, heat exchanger, container or regulator that is designed specifically for the purpose and constructed with approved safety standards and tested by a recognized product testing agency. See Chapter 3, for the term Listed 3.2.6*.
(5) Grade (as it applies to balconies and decks). On earth; or on blocks, slab or of other approved material placed on earth and elevated not greater than 30 inches from earth.
(6) Permanent. Fastened in place, and cannot be easily moved without requiring the disconnection of fasteners, piping, fittings.
(7) Solid Fuel. Includes wood, charcoal, pellet fuels, and any other non-gaseous fuel but not including fuel generation or co-generation of electric energy.
10.11.6.3 Solid Fuel, Gaseous Fuel, and Electric Cooking and Heating Appliances Use and Storage on Balconies and Decks or under Overhangs and Structures.
10.11.6.3.1 All cooking and heating appliances shall be permitted to be used, kindled, or stored on a balcony or deck unless specifically prohibited or restricted below.
10.11.6.3.2 No solid fuel cooking and heating appliances shall be permitted to be used, kindled, or stored on any balcony.
10.11.6.3.3 No gaseous fuel cooking and heating appliances shall be used, kindled, or stored on any balcony located above grade, unless permitted to be permanently installed pursuant to its equipment listings.
10.11.6.3.4 No cooking or heating appliances shall be used, installed, kindled or stored on any fire escape balcony.
10.11.6.3.5 No cooking or heating appliances shall be used, installed, kindled or stored on any balcony or deck where the balcony or deck is enclosed by a roof, walls, other than the wall of the attached building, or any covering that would prevent air circulation, unless a sprinkler system is installed in accordance with the building code, or such appliance is permitted by the manufacturer’s instructions and equipment listings.
10.11.6.3.6 No equipment of any cooking and heating appliances shall be permitted to be used or stored under any overhang; less than 10′ from a building; unless a sprinkler system is installed in accordance with the building code; or it is permitted by the manufacturer’s instructions and equipment listings. The storage of any cooking or heating appliances under the overhang or 10 ft (3m) from a building shall be permitted only when its fuel is not present within or near any cooking or heating appliance, unless such appliance is permanently installed.
10.11.6.3.7 All appliances that are permanently installed shall be approved by the specialized code official.
10.11.6.4 LP-Gas Containers (cylinders) 1-lb or Greater, Use, Placement at Dwellings.
10.11.6.4.1 Containers shall only be transported using exterior means independent from the attached building.
10.11.6.4.2 Containers shall not be placed inside or pass through any building.
10.11.6.4.3 Containers shall not be stored or obstruct ingress or egress of any building.
10.11.6.4.4 Containers having water capacities greater than 2.7 lb (1 kg) [nominal 1 lb (0.5 kg) LP-Gas capacity] shall not be located on decks or balconies of dwellings of two or more living units above the first floor unless the deck or balcony is served by exterior stairways.
Add Table 10.11.6
Table 10.11.6 Appliances – Cooking/ Heating
|Balcony See 10.11.6.2 (2)||Deck, Porch, Patio. See 10.11.6.2 (3)|
|* NOT Permitted under overhangs, roofs or enclosed in by walls or within 10′ of a building1; unless sprinklered pursuant to the building code.|
|Fuel||Gaseous Fuels||(7) Solid Fuels||Electric||Gaseous Fuels||(7) Solid Fuels||Electric|
|Type of Appliance||Cooking and Heating Appliance||Cooking and Heating Appliance||Cooking and Heating Appliance||Cooking and Heating Appliance||Cooking and Heating Appliance||Cooking and Heating Appliance|
|Grade||Permitted *||Not Permitted||Permitted||Permitted *||Permitted *||Permitted|
|See 10.1.7; 10.11.6.3.4 and 10.11.6.4||See 10.11.6.3.2||See 10.1.7 and 10.11.6.3.1||See 10.1.7; 10.11.6 .3 and 10.11.6.3.6||See 10.1.7; 10.11.6.3.5 and 10.11.6.3.6||See 10.1.7; and 10.11.6.3.1|
|Above Grade||Not Permitted unless permanently installed*
See 10.1.7; 10.11.6.3.3; 10.11.6.3.5 and 10.11.6.4
1 For the purposes of this section a structure or building is not considered the decking of a balcony, or a deck.
Source: 527 CMR – State Fire and Electrical Code (Last Revised: November 6, 2016)